10 Most Important Leaders In 20th Century Erkan April 2, 2012 People 10 Comments This is a list of the most important and influential leaders in the history of 20th Century. Most of them were dictators. All have fans and haters. All of them change the world. Some in a good way and some were evils may be. Don’t care about order, because it is really impossible to decide this. Anyways here is 10 Most Important Leaders In 20th Century … 10 – Mao Tse-tung Mao Tse-tung Chairman of the People’s Republic of China (1949 – 1976) Mao Zedong, and commonly referred to as Chairman Mao (December 26, 1893 – September 9, 1976), was a Chinese Communist revolutionary, guerrilla warfare strategist, Marxist political philosopher, and leader of the Chinese Revolution. He was the architect and founding father of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) from its establishment in 1949, and held control over the nation until his death in 1976. His theoretical contribution to Marxism–Leninism, along with his military strategies and brand of policies, are collectively known as Maoism. 09 – Nelson Mandela Nelson Mandela President of South Africa (1994 – 1999) Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (18 July 1918) served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999, and he was the first South African president to be elected in a fully representative democratic election. Before his presidency, Mandela was a militant anti-apartheid activist, and the leader and co-founder of Umkhonto we Sizwe, the armed wing of the African National Congress (ANC). 08 – Vladimir Lenin Vladimir Lenin Leader of the Soviet Union (1917 – 1924) Vladimir Ilyich Lenin 22 April [O.S. 10 April] 1870 – 21 January 1924) was a Russian Marxist revolutionary and communist politician who led the October Revolution of 1917. As leader of the Bolsheviks, he headed the Soviet state during its initial years (1917–1924), as it fought to establish control of Russia in the Russian Civil War and worked to create a socialist economic system. 07 – Joseph Stalin Joseph Stalin Leader of the Soviet Union (1924 – 1953) Stalin was one of the most powerful and murderous dictators in history. He was the supreme ruler of the Soviet Union for a quarter of a century. His regime of terror caused the death and suffering of tens of millions, but he also oversaw the war machine that played a key role in the defeat of Nazism. 06 – Adolph Hitler Adolph Hitler Dictator of Germany (1933 – 1945) Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was an Austrian-born German politician and the leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei).He was chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and dictator of Nazi Germany (as Führer und Reichskanzler) from 1934 to 1945. Hitler is commonly associated with the rise of fascism in Europe, World War II, and the Holocaust. 05 – Eva Peron Eva Peron First Lady of Argentina (1944 – 1952) María Eva Duarte de Perón (7 May 1919 – 26 July 1952) was the second wife of President Juan Perón (1895–1974) and served as the First Lady of Argentina from 1946 until her death in 1952. She is often referred to as simply Eva Perón, or by the affectionate Spanish language diminutive Evita. Eva Duarte de Perón became a legendary figure in Argentine politics. 04 – John F. Kennedy John F. Kennedy President of the United States (1961 – 1963) John Fitzgerald “Jack” Kennedy pronunciation (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), often referred to by his initials JFK, was the 35th President of the United States, serving from 1961 until 1963. On November 22, 1963, when he was hardly past his first thousand days in office, JFK was killed by an assassin’s bullets as his motorcade wound through Dallas, Texas. Kennedy was the youngest man elected President; he was the youngest to die. 03 – Indira Gandhi Indira Gandhi Prime Minister of India (1966-1977, 1980-1984) Indira Priyadarshini Nehru; (19 November 1917 – 31 October 1984) was an Indian politician who served as the third Prime Minister of India for three consecutive terms (1966–77) and a fourth term (1980–84). Gandhi was the second female head of government in the world after Sirimavo Bandaranaike of Sri Lanka, and she remains as the world’s second longest serving female Prime Minister as of 2012. She was the first woman to become prime minister in India. 02 – Margaret Thatcher Margaret Thatcher Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1979 – 1990) Margaret Hilda Thatcher, (born 13 October 1925) is a British politician and the longest-serving (1979–1990) British prime ministerof the 20th century, and the only woman ever to have held the post. A Soviet journalist nicknamed her the “Iron Lady”, which later became associated with her uncompromising policies. As prime minister, she implemented conservative policies that have come to be known as Thatcherism. 01 – Mustafa Kemal Ataturk Mustafa Kemal Ataturk 1st President of the Republic of Turkey (1923 – 1938) Mustafa Kemal Atatürk , (1881 – 1938) was an Ottoman and Turkish army officer, revolutionary statesman, writer, and the first President of Turkey. He is credited with being the founder of the Republic of Turkey. Atatürk was a military officer during World War I. Following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in World War I, he led the Turkish national movement in the Turkish War of Independence. Source: Wiki Suzanne A magazine theme would make ur blog look nicer Pingback: My Homepage Pingback: how to get rid of blackheads Pingback: piosenki miłosne Pingback: pyjama Pingback: sbwire.com cei1 so…. where’s castro? Barry Dominated by communists. Chuck Jones I have a few amendments. Hitler should be number 1, Lenin number 2, maybe Mustafa at number 3, Mao at number 4, winston churchill at number 5, FDR at number 6, Gorbachev at number 7, Mandela at 8, Mrs Gandhi at number 9, Den Xioping at number 10. I will now explain. Most important should mean who has made the most difference, not who we are most familiar with. Obviously world war II would not have happened but for Hitler and that was the most significant event of this century. Number 2 – The Russian revolution was probably the second most, not only was it a massive change to the biggest country in the world (which is impressive in itself), it meant the first communist revolution, which influence obviously spread in the rest of the century. Number 3 – if he did lead to the downfall of the Ottomans then obviously he is incredibly significant since that covered so much, although the partitioning of the Empire was largely done by the British and the PARTITION is what is more important today what with the troubles in the middle east, meaning I’m not ENTIRELY sure on this one. Number 4 – Again, changed the lives of 1 billion people immensely with both the revolution and with the famine. Number 5 – obvious, if the British hadn’t stood up to Hitler, he would have won – he was the lone voice against appeasement. He was also very significant in the world war one and the maintenance of the British empire, which was also very influential. Number 6 – Well we wouldn’t have won without the yanks, so he also gets a place here for bringing america into the war. He was also influential in saving the world economy AND made a major push for decolonization of ALL european powers, including Britain. Number 7 – without Gorbachev, the cold war would still be going on… or we would have all killed each other. Number 8 – completely revolutionized his country from evil, while maintaining peace. Number 9 – second female head of government, again, being leader of a billion makes you pretty important in itself. Number 10 – started China’s rise as a world power. People like Margaret Thatcher made big changes in their own countries but were less influential outside of it. I don’t really understand JFK being here – was in office for 3 years and hardly got any of his promises through – e.g. civil rights Act wasn’t passed until Johnstone. I also don’t really get Eva Peron – maybe I’m just ignorant but what did she actually do? Yeah I know there’s a musical about her and everything… are you sure you aren’t being influenced by her place in pop culture? Adam Richardson Chuck you probably don’t know about history but I will enlighten you about Hitler Lenin and Mustafa, Hitler was the strong leader but he made massacre to jewish people, so you can’t make him 1st. Lenin and Mustafa could share top but also Lenin was a communist leader however Mustafa was the anti-imperialist leader. The difference between them is the ideology that lenin created (communism) is obtained only 8 countries today but anti-imperialism is the fact valid for every country even in states when we investigate about Usa intervention of Afghanistan and Iraq. By the way Turkey fought against 7 countries and won that war. As I know that war is not won by the military force, with the civil people voluntarily crusade by the leadership of Mustafa. You should search well for writing comments about historical leaders.